1．物品的性质及数量：显然，运价的高低是按物品种类的不同而异，通常贵重物品、危险品及牲畜等运费率较高，托盘等物品则可享受优惠运价；物品本身价值高者其运费率亦较价值低的物品的运费率高；物品积载因数的不同影响到舱容的利用率，自然运费率亦不同；物品批量少的运价通常要高于大批量的物品运价；物品数量的多少也影响舱位和船舶吨位的利用率。当会造成较大运力浪费时，其运价亦应较高。 1. The nature of the items and quantity: obviously, the freight is according to the type of the goods, usually the valuables, dangerous goods and livestock, freight rate is higher, the article such as tray can enjoy preferential freight rate; The freight rate of the goods with high freight rate and low value of goods is high; The difference of the load factor of the goods affects the utilization rate of the cabin capacity, and the natural rate of freight is different. The volume of goods in volume is usually higher than that of large quantities. The number of items also affects the availability of shipping space and tonnage. When a large capacity is wasted, its freight should be higher. 2．物品的始发地和目的地：物品始发地与目的地的不同涉及到港口水深、装卸作业条件、 港口使费水平、 港口间的计费距离、航次作业时间的长短以及是否需要通过运河、航线上是否有加油港及当地的油价等众多影响航线成本与营运经济效益。显然，港口及航线条件好者因船舶经营者能以较低的成本获得较好的效益其运费率亦应低于条件差者。这样有利于吸引更多的托运人。 2. The items of the originating and the destination: items of different provenance and destination involves port water depth, loading and unloading operation condition, the port disbursement level, the billing distance between, the duration of voyage homework and whether to need through the canal, routes have come on port and local oil and so on influence route cost and operation of the economic benefits. Obviously, the port and the route conditions are good because the ship operators can get better benefit at lower cost and their freight rate should be lower than the qualified ones. This will help attract more shippers. 物品目的地的不同，还可能影响到后续航次的再承运或再出租的机会以及期望运价和租金的高低。显然，具有再承运与再出租机会好者，其期望运价或租金亦高的目的地的航线其运价和租金亦应低于机会差的目的港。 The difference in destination may also affect the chances of re-carrying or re-renting the following voyage, as well as the expected rate of freight and rent. It is obvious that the freight rates and rents of the destinations with high expectation of freight or rent should also be lower than the port of destination, which are more likely to be recommitted and released. 物品始发地及目的地的不同，影响着两地集疏运条件的差别。显然，两地集疏运条件好者更能吸引货主。他们从全程运输角度衡量利益得失，必定乐意选择。即使水运段的运价或租金较高亦乐意接受，否则，即使水运段运价或田金较低亦会舍弃。 The difference between the origin and destination of the goods affected the difference of the distribution conditions. Clearly, the two places of distribution of good conditions are more attractive to the owner. They will be willing to choose if they measure profit and loss from the perspective of total transportation. Even if the shipping price or the rent is higher, it will be accepted, even if the shipping price or the price is lower.